Coral Snake -- Ular Cabe
This rare burrowing snake only reaches a length of about 50 cm. His slim back body has a line down its length with yellow markings on the small, flat head the belly is black and white checkered. The tail has a red-orange tip like chili pepper or a 'cabe'. He is shy and usually unwilling to bite. The venom is neurotoxic.
Banded Krait -- Ular Welang & Ular Weling
Both the Malayan and the Banded Krait are black with yellow bands and may be from 1-2 meters in length. They are found in or near paddies and bamboo groves. If disturbed they jerk their body and attempt to hide their head in the coils of their body. Due to their small head, shyness, and reluctance to bite, the chances of a fatal bite is slim, unless one treads on the startled snake. Their neurotoxic bite causes little pain or swelling but can produce muscle weakness, loss of coordination and eventual respiratory paralysis.
Black Spitting Cobra -- Ular Sendok
King Cobra -- Ular RajaThere are two species of cobra--- the king cobra, usually a resident of the paddies, and the Black Spitting Cobra, comfortable in semi-urban areas. Both are aggressive if disturbed. The Cobra is easily recognized when he rises and spreads his hood. The colors of the snake range from black to brown to olive. Both can reach a length of 4 meters. Only the Spitting Cobra, sometimes seen in Jakarta, can eject a spray of venom for several feet, aiming at the enemy's eyes. This can cause temporary blindness but can be removed with repeated rinsing with sterile water. The nuerotoxic bite of either can cause pain and swelling with general muscle weakness following and eventual respiratory paralysis.
Malayan Pit Viper -- Ular Tanah
Green Pit Viper -- Ulat Bankai Laut or Ular Hijau Ekor MiraBoth the Malayan Pit Viper and the Green Pit Viper are found around Jakarta. Each has a distinctive triangular head shape, stocky body, and a length of about 80 cm. Each has the ability to jump with great force when attacking. The Malayan Pit Viper is reddish brown with triangular markings on his sides and the Green Pit Viper is bright green with a distinct red tail. The Malayan Pit Viper rattles with his tail before striking as a warning. Vipers are nocturnal and can be easily be avoided by staying away from fields and rocky areas. The Hemotoxic bite causes immediate pain, swelling, bleeding, and tissue damage.
Blue Temple Viper
Manipulation of the wound, suction, squeezing, massage, cutting the skin or application of ointments or remedies only increases the absorption of the venom, and should never be attempted. A polyvalent antivenom (poly-antivenom) is available at the Denpasar General Hospital in Bali, and at the International SOS clinics in Cipete, Kuningan and Bali.
Toxic Caterpillars -- Ulat BuluNote: Not in the snake category, but just to make you aware, many varieties of caterpillars in Indonesia have an irritant in their fur. AVOID touching any caterpillars (ulat bulu), or the leaves which they crawl upon, in Indonesia as skin contact can result in swelling, welts and severe irritations.
1) Don’t waste time with fist aid, tourniquets, sucking out the poison and the like. Get help, you will
need to get to hospital quickly. You should rest as much as possible so you will need someone to
transport you unless the hospital is close.
2) Go to a modern, well equipped hospital with the following facilities: Intensive care unit with
equipment for assisted breathing, heart monitoring and emergency resuscitation. This is to deal
with the effects of respiratory and cardiac failure resulting from cobra or krait bites. You will also
need facilities to deal with transplants of blood, plasma, etc and dialysis. This is in the even of
bites by vipers or colubrids which can cause kidney failure.
3) Get as much information as possible about the snake, Have someone find it, kill it and bring it
with you if possible but failing that, get pictures and try to identify it (you may need help with
this!) Hospitals in Indonesia are not usually staffed by snakebite experts and they will need all the
help they can get.
4) Antivenin (antivenom) should only be used if it is made from the same species and
comes from the same country as the snake. Antivenin treatment is risky since it usually causes a
severe allergic reaction and it is only worth the risk if it is done exactly right.